Today, we celebrate the 133rd anniversary of the birth of Marcus Mosiah Garvey, a man who supported black nationalism and advanced the ‘back to Africa’ movement in the United States.
Here are 10 facts about Marcus Mosiah Garvey:
- Marcus Garvey was born in St Ann’s Bay, St Ann on August 17, 1887.
- He worked as a printer in Kingston, Jamaica and published a small newspaper called The Watchman.
- Garvey first said the phrase “We are going to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery, because while others can free the body, none but ourselves can free our minds” in 1927, which would later become part of Bob Marley’s Redemption Song.
- Garvey founded the shipping line, the Black Star Line, in 1919.
- He was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Emancipation Day, August 1, 1914 which worked to advance people of African descent under the motto “One God, One Aim, One Destiny”.
- Harvey was arrested and charged with mail fraud in the United States which, after several postponement, saw him tried and convicted in 1925.
- After being released from prison and deported to Jamaica in 1927, Garvey formed the People’s Political Party in 1929 which was unsuccessful at national elections but won a seat in the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation.
- Garvey became Jamaica’s first National Hero in 1969.
- He died in England in 1940 after departing Jamaica in the 1930s.
- He was buried at National Heroes’ Park in Kingston after his body was brought back to Jamaica in 1964.